Our skin care specialist will take the time to assess each client’s skin type and prescribe a skin care routine best suited to each client’s individual skin needs.
A consultation with our skin care expert is always recommended prior to treatment. All consultations are complimentary.
Characterized by increased production and accumulation of melanin, which causes a darkened appearance in the skin in small or large areas. Incidence is higher in people with darker skin types as their skin naturally contains more melanin.
Types of Hyper-pigmentation:
- Characterized by irregular pigmentation (e.g. freckles, age spots, uneven skin tone)
- Caused by long term exposure to ultraviolet rays (sun or tanning beds)
- Characterized by symmetrical brown patches that appear on sun-exposed areas of skin, most often the forehead, cheeks, bridge of nose, upper lip, chin
- UV exposure, hormones, genetics and medications are involved
Post-Inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)
- Characterized by brown patches found in areas of the skin that have been subjected to trauma, inflammation or a combination of both
- Common causes of inflammation include acne, eczema and psoriasis
Acne is the most common skin disorder; nearly 85% of all people develop acne at some point in their lives. It most commonly develops on areas of the body that contain a lot of sebaceous (oil) glands like the face, neck, chest, back and shoulders. Acne usually begins (and is most common) at puberty, but many adults also develop the condition.
Acne is caused by 4 major factors:
- Blockage of hair follicles (pores), where oil is produced, by dead skin cells
- Overproduction of sebum (oil)
- Proliferation of P. acnes bacteria and consequent inflammation.
- Excessive production of certain types of hormones (androgens)
Individuals with a heightened intolerance to products and the environment are said to have sensitive skin. They may experience redness, discomfort, bumps and irritation.
Causes of sensitivity include:
- Skin disorders like eczema or rosacea
- Overly dry skin due to a compromised hydrolipid barrier
- Overexposure to irritants like wind, sun and harsh topical ingredients
In all cases, the skin’s moisture barrier is impaired, which leads to dryness and irritation.
Skin aging results from biological changes in the epidermis, dermis and hypodermis.
In the epidermis, barrier function is reduced causing an increase in Trans-Epidermal Water Loss (TEWL). TEWL is the diffusion of water from the blood circulation through the dermis and epidermis, finally to evaporate at the surface. Skin cell turnover slows and there are pigment production changes causing dryness and an uneven skin tone.
In the dermis, collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid levels decrease leading to reduced firmness, elasticity and hydration. This results in fine lines, wrinkles, discoloration, dullness and decreased skin tone.
Hypodermis aging is marked by the loss of fat in the face, which leads to decreased fullness, sagging skin and wrinkles.
Aging of the skin can be divided into two categories: intrinsic and extrinsic.
Intrinsic aging, known as natural or chronological aging, normally begins in our mid-20s and is determined by genetics. Causes include stress, and lifestyle choices such as smoking and alcohol consumption.
Extrinsic aging accounts for up to 90% of skin aging and is largely controllable. The most common causes are: Sun exposure (photoaging), pollution and environmental stressors.
Our Skin Care Products
Our products are suitable for all skin types and conditions including:
- Sensitive skin
- Dry skin
- Normal skin
- Combination skin
- Oily skin
- Dehydrated skin
- Acne-prone skin
- Aging skin
- Pigmented skin
See also our Skin Treatments.